Despite their nutritional value, eggs represent a significant health issue for allergic individuals. Proteins from egg yolk have only minor allergenicity, but many proteins from the egg white are known to be allergenic. In addition to ovalbumin, lysozyme represents the major allergenic protein found in egg white.
Macadamia is a genus of trees indigenous to Australia, which is well known for its edible fruit, the macadamia nut. The seed, which is covered by a very hard shell, is frequently used as an ingredient in baked goods, confectioneries and breakfast cereals or consumed on its own.
Milk is the first source of nutrition of mammalian infants. Humans continue to consume milk, mostly cow’s milk, beyond infancy. Milk is consumed directly or as processed products like cream, butter, yoghurt or cheese. Bovine milk or milk powder is widely used in bakeries, sauces and desserts.
Mustard refers to a group of plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis. The plant produces small round seeds, which are used as a spice. A common way to consume mustard is in the form of prepared mustard, which consists of ground mustard seeds mixed with water, vinegar and other ingredients.
Peanuts (often called groundnuts) are legumes that produce nut-like fruits within protective shells. They are widely used in food and feed and appear in various forms on our table, such as in Asian dishes, bakery goods, peanut butter or roasted as a snack.
The pistachio plant is a small tree that produces seeds within hard shells. These seeds are widely consumed as food. Pistachio kernels are often eaten raw or roasted, but they are also frequently used in ice cream, confections, baked goods or salads.
The sesame is a plant cultivated in tropical regions around the world for its edible seeds. Sesame seeds are one of the oldest known oilseed crops. The extremely high oil content and its nutty flavor makes it a common ingredient in foods all around the world.
The soybean (Glycine max) is a species of legume used for thousands of years. It contains a high amount of proteins, most of which are relatively heat-stable.
Walnuts are the nuts of trees that belong to the botanical family Juglandaceae. Beneath the hard shell are the seed kernels of the walnut, which are widely consumed raw or roasted, as well as ground into a paste or in the form of walnut meal in bakeries, ice cream, breakfast cereals or confectioneries.
Gluten is a fraction of cereal proteins that can not only trigger allergic reactions, but also cause an immune response in people suffering from celiac disease. The only treatment in both cases is a life-long gluten-free diet.
Gluten is a fraction of cereal proteins that can not only trigger allergic reactions, but also cause an immune response in people suffering from celiac disease. The only treatment in both cases is a life-long gluten-free diet. * performance tested by AOAC: AOAC-RI Approval 061403
Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound which naturally occurs in the human body, where it acts as neurotransmitter and is involved in immune responses and the regulation of physiological functions.